Minimally invasive method of treatment of diseases of the nervous system, removal of pain syndromes, muscle tone
Minimally invasive treatment of chronic pain with electrical impulses.
In the center of neurosurgery and angioneurology clinic Meshalkin introduced a new technology of spinal neurostimulation. This modern method has both analgesic and therapeutic effect – due to the relaxation of the vessels of the microcirculatory bed, the nutrition of the ischemic tissue is improved: the heart muscle and the soft tissues of the lower extremities.
The technique of neurostimulation is to install a thin electrode in the spinal canal, which will be supplied with electrical impulses that suppress the transmission of a pain signal to the brain. The pain stops being felt.
Implantation of the neurostimulation system is carried out under local anesthesia and constant x-ray control, which allows you to maintain constant contact with the patient and install the electrode in the exact place.
Neurostimulation is carried out in 2 stages: test and constant. During the test neurostimulation, a temporary electrode is installed, which is connected to an external generator. During the test period, the effectiveness of the technique is determined – how much pain is reduced.
With a positive result, a permanent pulse generator is implanted into the patient’s body.
The implantable neurostimulation system is equipped with a special remote programmer that allows you to change the program according to the patient’s feelings, and if you want to completely turn it off.
The treatment of Parkinson’s Disease (PD)
Parkinson’s disease is a chronic degenerative disease of the Central nervous system, manifested by a violation of voluntary movements, tremor, stiffness. As a rule, the disease has a slow progressive course and may not be diagnosed for several years. However, there are forms of rapid course of the disease, leading to early disability of patients.
stimulacia.there is conservative therapy for Parkinson’s Disease, but long-term use of such drugs has a side effect – violent movements. Sustained muscle contraction causes twisting of the body and repeated involuntary movements or abnormal poses.
Specialists of the neurosurgical Department of NMIC perform treatment of these diseases with DBS-therapy. This is a modern method of treatment, which implies a minimally invasive neurosurgical intervention. Electrodes are implanted into the subcortical nuclei and attached to the generator. Electrical impulses are supplied from the generator in order to improve the patient’s condition. With this technique, individual programming is possible to achieve the best clinical effect.
This treatment is highly effective in the treatment of diseases of the extrapyramidal nervous system (Parkinson’s disease, dystonia, essential tremor) and significantly improves the quality of life of patients, as well as helps to control motor disorders.
In most cases, DBS therapy is easily tolerated. The intervention does not damage nerve cells, which is an advantage compared to invasive surgical methods.